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Superradiant Bounds on Ultralight Fields

(see Brito, Cardoso and Pani, Superradiance, Lectures Notes in Physics 906 (2015); arXiv:1501.0657)


Excluded Region (in eV)Source

References

 

 * 5.2x10-13< mS <6.5x10-12

* 1.1x10-13< mV <8.2x10-12

* 2.9x10-13< mT <9.8x10-12

 

Direct bounds from absence of spin in Cyg X-1

[1], [2] 

 

6×10−13< mS <2×10−11

7×10−20< mS <1×10−16

* 2×10−14< mV <1×10−11

* 1×10−20< mV <9×10−17

* 6×10−14< mT <1×10−11

* 3×10−20< mT <9×10−17

 

Indirect bounds from BHmass-spin measurements

[1],[2],[3],[4],[5],

[6],[7],[8]

 

1.2×10−13< mS <1.8×10−13

mV: NA

mT: NA

 

Null results from blind all-sky searches for continuous GW signals

 [1]

 

5.8×10−13< mS <8.6×10−13

mV: NA

mT: NA

 

Null results from searches for continuous GW signals from Cygnus X-1

 [1], [2]

 

2.0×10−13< mS <3.8×10−13

mV: NA

mT: NA

 

Negative searches for a GW background  [1], [2], [3]

 

5×10−13< mS <3×10−12

mV ~ 10−12

mT: NA

 

Bounds from pulsar timing [1], [2]

 

  2.9×10−21< mS <4.6×10−21

  8.5×10−22< mV <4.6×10−21

* 1.0×10−21< mT <8.2×10−21

 

Bounds from mass and spin measurement of M87 with EHT

 [1]

 * Brito, Cardoso and Pani, Superradiance, Lectures Notes in Physics 906 (2015)

 

Direct bounds from absence of spin down in Cyg X-1

 

[1] V. Cardoso, O. J. C. Dias, G. S. Hartnett,M. Middleton,P. Pani, and J. E. Santos, “Constraining the mass of dark photons and axion-like particles through black holesuperradiance,”JCAP1803(2018) no. 03, 043,arXiv:1801.01420 [gr-qc]

[2] R. Brito, S. Grillo, and P. Pani, “Black hole superradiant instability from ultralightspin-2 fields,”arXiv:2002.04055 [gr-qc]

 

Indirect bounds from BH mass-spin measurements

 

[1] A. Arvanitaki, M. Baryakhtar, and X. Huang, “Discovering the QCD Axion withBlack Holes and Gravitational Waves,”Phys. Rev.D91(2015) no. 8, 084011,arXiv:1411.2263 [hep-ph]

[2] P. Pani, V. Cardoso, L. Gualtieri, E. Berti, and A. Ishibashi, “Black hole bombs andphoton mass bounds,”Phys.Rev.Lett.109(2012) 131102,arXiv:1209.0465 [gr-qc]

[3] R. Brito, V. Cardoso, and P. Pani, “Massive spin-2 fields on black hole spacetimes:Instability of the Schwarzschild and Kerr solutions and bounds on the graviton mass,”Phys. Rev.D88(2013) 023514,arXiv:1304.6725 [gr-qc]

[4] M. Baryakhtar, R. Lasenby, and M. Teo, “Black Hole Superradiance Signatures of Ul-tralight Vectors,”Phys. Rev.D96(2017) no. 3, 035019, arXiv:1704.05081 [hep-ph]

[5] R. Brito, S. Ghosh, E. Barausse, E. Berti, V. Cardoso, I. Dvorkin, A. Klein, and P. Pani,“Gravitational wave searches for ultralight bosons with LIGO and LISA,”Phys. Rev.D96(2017) no. 6, 064050,arXiv:1706.06311 [gr-qc]

[6] M. J. Stott and D. J. E. Marsh, “Black hole spin constraints on the mass spectrum andnumber of axionlike fields,”Phys. Rev.D98(2018) no. 8, 083006,arXiv:1805.02016[hep-ph]

[7] V. Cardoso, O. J. C. Dias, G. S. Hartnett, M. Middleton, P. Pani, and J. E. Santos,“Constraining the mass of dark photons and axion-like particles through black-holesuperradiance,”JCAP1803(2018) no. 03, 043, arXiv:1801.01420 [gr-qc]

[8] R. Brito, S. Grillo, and P. Pani, “Black hole superradiant instability from ultralightspin-2 fields,”arXiv:2002.04055 [gr-qc]

 

 Null results from blind all-sky searches for continuous GW signals

 

[1] C. Palombaet al., “Direct constraints on ultra-light boson mass from searches for con-tinuous gravitational waves,”Phys. Rev. Lett.123(2019) 171101, arXiv:1909.08854[astro-ph.HE]

 

Null results from searches for continuous GW signals from Cygnus X-1

 

[1] L. Sun, R. Brito, and M. Isi, “Search for ultralight bosons in Cygnus X-1 with AdvancedLIGO,”arXiv:1909.11267 [gr-qc]

[2] H. Yoshino and H. Kodama, “Probing the string axiverse by gravitational waves fromCygnus X-1,”PTEP2015(2015) no. 6, 061E01, arXiv:1407.2030 [gr-qc]

 

Negative searches for a GW background

 

[1] R. Brito, S. Ghosh, E. Barausse, E. Berti, V. Cardoso, I. Dvorkin, A. Klein, and P. Pani,“Stochastic and resolvable gravitational waves from ultralight bosons,”Phys. Rev. Lett.119(2017) no. 13, 131101, arXiv:1706.05097 [gr-qc]

[2] R. Brito, S. Ghosh, E. Barausse, E. Berti, V. Cardoso, I. Dvorkin, A. Klein, and P. Pani,“Gravitational wave searches for ultralight bosons with LIGO and LISA,”Phys. Rev.D96(2017) no. 6, 064050, arXiv:1706.06311 [gr-qc]

[3] L. Tsukada, T. Callister, A. Matas, and P. Meyers, “First search for a stochasticgravitational-wave background from ultralight bosons,”Phys. Rev.D99(2019) no. 10,103015, arXiv:1812.09622 [astro-ph.HE]

 

Bounds from pulsar timing

 

[1] V. Cardoso, P. Pani, and T.-T. Yu, “Superradiance in rotating stars and pulsar-timing constraints on dark photons,”Phys. Rev.D95(2017) no. 12, 124056, arXiv:1704.06151 [gr-qc]

[2] D. E. Kaplan, S. Rajendran, and P. Riggins, “Particle Probes with Superradiant Pul-sars,”arXiv:1908.10440 [hep-ph]

 

Bounds from mass and spin measurement of M87 with EHT

 

[1] H. Davoudiasl and P. B. Denton, “Ultralight Boson Dark Matter and Event Hori-zon Telescope Observations of M87*,”Phys. Rev. Lett.123(2019) no. 2, 021102, arXiv:1904.09242 [astro-ph.CO]