Speaker: Nicholas Speeney (Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore)
Title: Impact of relativistic corrections on the detectability of dark matter spikes with gravitational waves
Black holes located within a dark matter cloud can create overdensity regions known as dark matter spikes. The presence of spikes modifies the gravitational-wave signals from binary systems through changes in the gravitational potential or dynamical friction effects. We assess the importance of including relativistic effects in both the dark matter distribution and the dynamical friction. As a first step we numerically calculate the particle dark matter spike distribution in full general relativity, using both Hernquist and Navarro-Frenk-White profiles in a Schwarzschild background, and we produce analytical fits to the spike profiles for a large range of scale parameters. Then we use a post-Newtonian prescription for the gravitational-wave dephasing to estimate the effect of relativistic corrections to the spike profile and to the dynamical friction. Finally we include the torques generated by dynamical friction in fast-to-generate relativistic models for circular extreme mass-ratio inspirals around a nonspinning black hole. We find that both types of relativistic corrections positively impact the detectability of dark matter effects, leading to higher dephasings and mismatches between gravitational-wave signals with and without dark matter spikes.
Room: Sala de Reuniões e Seminários (2-8.3) (2nd Floor of Physics Building)